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False Myths about Africa

    While searching for gold, white explorers first saw a city in the heart of Africa built of stone hundreds of years ago. Kings lived in these great walls in royal seclusion and enjoyed the mystery and power they provided. These kingdoms were as good and well governed as the European medieval ones. Evidence shows that earlier records prove that other outsiders admitted this about Africa, proving that racism is a relatively new concept. Instead of accepting this truth, white visitors invented exotic explanations of Africa's history, rather than admitting Africa had a rich history of its own. Hege, a noted philosopher, is quoted as saying: "This is the land where men are children…. let us forget Africa and never mention it again for Africa is no historical part of the world." It was even said that the savagenss of the Africans was even below the nobility of dogs. What these 'scholars' forget to mention is the 300 years of cruelty, torture, and death to Africans along the entire coast of Africa. It continuously robbed Africa of generations of its healthiest and strongest members. The stability and fabric of African life was destroyed. The mutual respect between black and white, which once existed, was also destroyed. Science has given us a new look into Africa's history. It proves what earlier records tell us- that their past is full of its own history. It debunks the preposterous myth of the inferiority and sub-human status of the African people. 


Green and Brown Saharas

    Through new scientific and archeological evidence, we have gained access to the Sahara's past. Rock carvings were found in the Metapo Hills. These carvings are 7000 years old, yet remarkably well preserved. They delineate the once flourishing green Sahara. The indiginous people drew their fertile lands and culture. Included are paintings of many wild animals (girrafes and antelopes), vegetation, and crops. It also depicts chariots which were used for transportation to far destinations. The paintings also display a continuous indiginous people from the Atlantic to the Nile. Unfortunately, the climate undertook a drastic change: the rainfall stopped. This forced the Africans to migrate towards a new source of water. Some traveled South and West toward the tropical rain forrests. But, most traveled East toward the Nile River. This impressive 4000 mile long river was the setting for what has been called a gift from the gods. This gift was the city of Egypt. 



    There is a false myth that surrounds this majestic civilization. Visiting Europeans refused to believe that Africans indigenous to inner Africa could have created it. They would rather us believe that this city was created in its own bubble, apart from the rest of Africa and its people. But, the evidence shows that the main migration toward the Nile River and Egypt was from the African communities of the Sahara. Some evidence of this includes the fact that even the Egyptian Pharoahs are painted as black in surviving artwork. Also, many Egyptians were reddish-pink in color, showing a mix of the indigenous people and the Nubians. The pharoahs built temples which were absolutely African, obviously to impress the southern Africans. They regarded Africans gods as their saviors. The Greek explorer Heroditus described the scene most accurately when he said that the various races in the world were "different but equal." 


Nubia and Musovalat

    Emperor Tahaka of Kush took over Egypt, and then this Nubian king pressed south to Napata and Meroe. Meroe was 1000 miles South of Egypt, deep inside Africa. The pyramid tombs of their kings and queens were built long after they ceased constructing them in Egypt. They were a copy of the Egyptian pyramids, but they still had the distinctive Nubian markings of Meroe. Also, Meroe hierogyphics were found there, making it one of the first alphabetical writing systems. Modern Meroe people have not changed much from their distant Nubian ancestors. They use identical beds with a headrest, and even share the same double striped face markings. This is an impressive fact, considering the number of outsiders who attacked Meroe and attempted influencing them. The temple of Musovalat is a Kush temple dedicated to the Kush gods can still be recognized. This is notable due to its distinct religion from the Egyptians. Today only nomads can survive there. They take pride in retaining their traditions and self-sufficiency of self and land. European visitors still falsely judge their development by the number of possessions they have and exhibit. 


Nuba Hills

    In 4 AD, the Kush kingdom collapsed. Some groups migrated across Africa to the Nuba Hills. The cultural links are still apparent connecting the ancient and modern. For example, the tradition of wrestling including family teams and the same moves remains the same. Also, the Nubian women who may be Islamic do not cover their faces. They dance freely like they would have for the ancient Egyptian pharroughs. So, modern opinion would be ignorant to say that Egypt was civilized but the Nuba Hills were savage. Also, it is clear that Egypt did not arise isolated. It owed much to inner Africa and the entire Nile region. 



    Christianity spead southward toward Nubia. Murals were discovered which were created during this time period. They displayed the acceptance of Christianity as part of the African people. For example, there is a mural of a nativity scene with the people painted as black. The Christian civilization in Nubia was wealthy, comfortable, and artisticly innovative. At this time, the Nubian Christians and Musims were at peace with each other. But, around 1172 AD holy crusades erupted attempting to recapture holy places. Black Christian crusaders, who were the white Christians' allies, were crushed and are now almost forgotten. The first European acknowledgement of this, was a statue of a Nubian Christian ally in a German cathedral. 

Source: http://dickinsg.intrasun.tcnj.edu/films/basil/video1.html

Documentary Description

Africa: A Voyage of Discovery with Basil Davidson is a critically acclaimed informative series describing the history of Africa. The eight-hour series was produced in 1984. it is broken up into eight sections on four videos. Each section is 57 minutes long. Basil Davidson uses various resources. Davidson usually speaks as location footage of Africa is shown. From time to time, he makes an appearance in the videos. Also shown are archived media and dramatic reconstructions. The eight sections are listed below with subsections that we have created from notes.


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