Breaststroke Swimming Lesson

Video Lectures

Displaying all 10 video lectures.
Lecture 1
Kicking Technique
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Kicking Technique


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches the proper kicking technique.



Video Transcript: PETER ELIZONDO: "In this section, I'm going to explain to you how to start off on the breast stroke. So, what you'll want to do is imagine my hands being your feet. You'll bring them up, you know. Imagine my chest being your buttocks. You'll bring your hand; legs up to your buttocks like this, and then you'll end up doing a complete full-circle close with the breast stroke. Let me show you how to do that, as well, and on your feet. It's called the frog kick, but; so, for example, you'll bring your heel straight up to your butt, right and your leg is straight down. So, let me show you on the side like this; and then what you're going to end up doing is pointing it out forty-five degrees and then closing in on a full circle, but the first thing you want to do on the frog kick, is just bring your heel straight up to your butt, like that. And that's how you would start off on the frog kick for that section. I'm going to show you with my feet, and that's the full, full breast stroke kick right there. And then I'll show you step by step, here in a bit."

Lecture 2
Feet Position
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Feet Position


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches the proper feet positioning at a 45 degree angle.



Video Transcript: PETER ELIZONDO: "In this section, I'm going to be explaining to you how to actually face your feet when you're doing the frog kick. So, now that you have your feet close to your butt; imagine my arms, you know, being your legs and my chest being your butt; what you want to do is, and imagine my hands being your feet, you want to point them out forty five degrees. So, don't ever have your feet straight and don't ever have them really twisted out because you're going to injure yourself. You want them at about forty five degrees and then you'll end up doing a full half circle and then closing. So, let me show you on your feet as well. So, good example; remember, on the first step, your heel has to be touching your butt. Now, with your foot, your going to be pointing it out forty five degrees, if you can see that. So, you're not straight like this, cause you're going to injure yourself, and you're not trying to twist down. You're just straight at a forty-five degree angle, and then you'll end up doing a half circle in closing. Let me show you on the other leg as well. So, again for the breast stroke, you'll bring the heel to the butt, and then point your leg, your feet, out forty five degrees. So, both feet will be pointed out forty five degrees, and then you'll make a half circle and close and in; that's pretty much what you'll do for the second step as far as a breast stroke. Okay, in this section, it's a continuation of Step two, for the frog kick, for the breast stroke. And you want to make sure that your feet, the bottom of your heel, touches your butt or close to it. So, just like this, you'll bring both feet up, touching the butt, and then you'll go out forty five degree half circle. So, again bring your feet straight up, and then you're going to go into half circle, close them, just like that for the breast stroke kick."

Lecture 3
Half-Circle Kick
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Half-Circle Kick


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches how to kick in a half-circle with proper technique.



Video Transcript: PETER ELIZONDO: "In this section, I'm going to explain to you the third part as far as doing the breast stroke. So, now you have your legs to your, you know, your butt and then you have your feet pointed out forty five degrees. The important; this is the most important thing. What you're going to end up doing is a half circle with both feet at the same time and then straightening them out to close for the breast stroke. So, did you get that. So, my hands are going to be your feet, right and right here, my forearms are going to be your legs. You're going to have your feet out, and then you're going to do a half circle. So, it's not straight out and then close. It's actually a half circle that you'll do. So, let me show you with the feet. So, for the breast stroke, right; remember, you heels touching your butt, your foot's forty five degrees, and then you're going to do a half circle and then close. So, it's not; a lot of people make the mistake, when they're first learning the breast stroke, to actually go straight out and then try to close. You're never going straight out. You're actually doing a half circle with your foot because you're grabbing into the water. Let me show you with the other leg as well. So, again, you bring the heel to the butt, forty five degrees, and then you're going to do a half circle and then close. So, hopefully that makes sense. Remember, guys and girls, you want to make sure that you do a half circle. That's what I'm always trying to explain to people, but a lot of times, we have it in our system to just go straight out. You want to make sure you do a half circle and grab into the water, and that's how you would do the third step on breast stroke. So, a lot of people think that your feet come out of the water, or they bend out like this. Actually, both feet are just bent towards like this. You face your feet forty five degree angles, and then you grab into the water and push them together. So, again, bring your heels to your butt, forty five degree on your feet, and then do a half circle and close. So, always make sure they're forty five degrees up because that's what's going to grab onto the water. So, again, here you go; to the butt, forty five degrees, open and close."

Lecture 4
Straightening Legs
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Straightening Legs


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches how to straighten the legs after the half-circle kick.



Video Transcript:
PETER ELIZONDO: "In this section I want to cover the breast stroke, the fourth step. The fourth step is, remember once again--quick reminder, review. Your feet are towards your butt, and they're angled forty-five degrees. And on that third step you did the half circle. The fourth step you want to make sure that as you're doing that half circle your legs are straightening out and you do a complete close. You see how my arms are completely closed. Imagine that being your legs. So you don't want it open like this, you want it completely closed, because you're pushing to water, and that's what's going to push you forward when you're doing the breast stroke, which I'll show you later. So, with the feet again, you bring the heel to the butt. Your foot is forty-five degrees. As you're doing that half circle, which is the third step, you're now going to bring your feet together in close. So, at the end, on this step, your leg will be completely straight, with like a slight little bend on the knee. So let me show you on the other leg. You're going to do the same thing, right. So, step one, foot to butt, step two forty-five degrees, step three, half circle, and on the fourth you're going to end up closing. And what I mean close--you're legs are going to come closed together like that--after doing the half circle. So it's just going to be like that. A full body motion, just like that. That's how you do the fourth step of breast stroke. Now your feet are up towards your butt, forty-five degree angles. We're going to half circle open and then close them. So always remember that. Butt, forty-five degree angles, you open them, and then you close them. Let me show you with my feet up to the butt. Forty-five degree angles, open and close. And it's going to be a quick close. So, you open them and then you close them. Half circle--once you're out, you straighten them up and close them. Again, it's a half circle, open and close. So you're going to feel like that push. See how they quickly go. See how it just pushes the water. So in slow motion it's going to be forty-five degree angles, half circle, close. But if you kind of snap them together once they're fully out and extended, you're going to really push onto that water, just like that."

Lecture 5
Hand Technique
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Hand Technique


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches the proper hand technique in front of the body.



Video Transcript: PETER ELIZONDO: "All right, in this section, I'm going to explain to you step five of the breath stroke. Now, this is going to be your upper body that you're going to use. What you're going to want to do is your hands are going to want to be not open-handed; you're going to want them actually closed, and in a prayer position. And you're going to be like this right in the center of your chest, so not in the lower part of your chest, and not up here, just right on the center. So again, closed hands; no open gaps, right; prayer position, thumbs in like this, and then you're just aiming like in the chest. So, you're going to be like this when you're doing breath stroke, to start off, in prayer position. And that's step five when you're beginning the breath stroke. In this section of the breath stroke it's a continuation of step five, and it's going to be the way you're going to place your hands. So again, remember, no open hands, Make sure that they're closed like prayer position, and it's close to the chest, okay? So, when you start off doing breath stroke, I showed you how to do your legs, and you want to make sure that your arms are like this under the water. So when you're doing it, it's going to be just like this, okay? So you're in prayer position. This is your starting point, right here. Not open hands, not out like this; just really close to the body; tight, in prayer position."

Lecture 6
Gliding Through Water
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Gliding Through Water


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches how to glide through the water while slicing the hands through the water.



Video Transcript: PETER ELIZONDO: "In this section, I'm going to be covering step six. So remember, on step five, the prayer position, no open hands, they're closed, right--and right up to the chest. In step six, as you kick, which I'll be showing in a later segment, when you do end up kicking, you're going to end up slicing into the water with your hands like this. And the reason why is because if you have your hands open, you're grabbing into the water and you're not being as effective, and you're not going as fast. And also, like this, you're more aerodynamic, so pretty much you're breaking through the water, so that way the rest of your body can follow. And when you kick, it's going to really give you a nice little glide, and you'll end up pushing off as you kick, just like this, and just hold it for anywhere from three to five seconds when you're in the water. And that's how you do the sixth step for breast stroke, using your upper body. This section, it's a continuation of step six. And so now that you have your hands placed like this, prayer position, you're going to end up actually slicing into the water when you kick. So I'm going to show you here in a bit, it's going to be the full breast stroke. But really pay attention to how, as I kick, it slices into the water with my kick. And that's going to be your glide as well. And I'll come back and show you the rest. And there you go. That's how you slice into the water. You always make sure it's very tight and you cut into the water as you kick."

Lecture 7
Breathing Technique
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Breathing Technique


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches the correct breathing technique at the proper time.



Video Transcript:
PETER ELIZONDO: "In this section, I'm going to cover step seven of the breast stroke. So, remember, again, you started off prayer position. When you begin your kick, you're slicing into the water with a glide for about three to give seconds. Once that glide is starting to slow down, when you're doing breast stroke, then what you're going to want to end up doing is just facing your hands, you know, towards each other and then doing a pull. And you're going to pull back just like; basically like a; like an S; just like a half circle with your hands, and make sure your hands are fully closed and you'll pull. And when you do end up pulling, you're going to come up for air, and that's when you'll take your breath if you need it, it's up to you, but you'll take your breath for air, and then you'll put your head back in the water and go again. So, let me just recap that real quick for you guys; the reason why you want to do that. So, as you're gliding, right . You're slicing through the water. Your heads in the water. Once your glide begins to slow down, on the seventh step, you'll face your hands towards your; the top of your hands are going to end up facing towards each other, then you're going to end up pulling, and you're going to pull like a half circle. So, envision that half circle like this, and as you're pulling, that's when you're going to come up for air and you're going to take a breath, okay. And that's what you would end up doing on the seventh step. And as you saw, I was prayer positioned. I sliced into the water. Now, what I'm going to end up showing you is, you have your hands like a peddle. You're going to end up pulling towards yourself, right; pulling the water, and as you pull, that's when you're going to come up for a breath. So, you'll pull, come up for a breath and then continue your kick, alright. So, this one is the seventh part where you want to make sure that this is where you actually pull. You're going to pull yourself, once your legs are fully closed, so you'll look at my legs as well. So, after I do my kick, my legs are closed. That's when I'm going to end up pulling myself up for a breath. So, let me show you. And once again, here you go, watch me as when I come up for air, that's when my legs are straight and when I go into the water, that's when they're kicking."

Lecture 8
Kick Preparation
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Kick Preparation


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches how to prepare for a kick to propel the swimmer forward.



Video Transcript: PETER ELIZONDO: "Ok in this step this is step eight of the breast stroke. So remember we just finished having our hands, the top of our hands facing each other, and you are pulling, no open hands remember. Cause when you have open hands you are not grabbing any of the water. So you want to make sure they are closed, you're coming in at a half circle and on step eight you are going to quickly come back in a prayer position and you are going to get your feet ready to kick. Ok. On step eight. And so you are going to get back right here, you just finished taking your breath of water so let me show you a quick little picture of how that would be. So you just finished doing step seven, with the glide right, step eight, your head is in the water, as you are doing the half circle to pick yourself up and pull yourself, you are going to take a quick breath and then you are going to come back to prayer position on step eight. Ok with hands closed and right here by the chest. And you are going to get ready for your kick, let me show you real quick on the kick. So as you are in prayer position on step eight, your leg should be out like this at a forty five degree angle, getting ready to kick. And that's how you do step eight. So after you've finished pulling, taking that breath, the trick is come back quick, quickly come back into prayer position. So in order for you to quickly come back in to prayer position, a lot of mistakes people make, is you come to wide. You don't want to come to wide. Stay within shoulders, so when you pull right here, you can quickly come into shoulder, into prayer position right to the chest and then you'll again slice into the water. So again remember once you are pulling you come up for that breath, you are going to quickly come into prayer position and then pull into the water."

Lecture 9
Continuous Stroke
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Continuous Stroke


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches how to continue the stroke fluidly without interruption.



Video Transcript:
PETER ELIZONDO: "Ok, on this section, on the step nine of the breast stroke, I'm going to end up explaining to you how to. Right, so you are back on prayer position from step eight. Your legs were up to your butt, you were getting prepared to kick. Now, this section, if you can kind of take a full body angle. All right. So you're right here on step eight. When you are getting prepared to kick, as you are doing the half circle and kicking, you are going to end up slicing through the water on step nine. So you're repeating and you are continuing with the breast stroke. And you are going to put your head back in the water after you took a breath. So, after I explain that, the reason that you want to do that is because when you came up from step seven, the half circle. And you are slicing into the water, you want to have your head in so your body looks like this when you are gliding. And so you are just that more aerodynamic, and you can just go that much more quicker, and its less effort on your part. That's the main reason why you do that. So again, step seven was like this. You come up half, your legs come up. And as your legs begin to kick, you're going to be in prayer position from step eight and slice in with step nine with your head in. And that is your full complete breast stroke. And thats what you would do for step nine of breast stroke. So you'll start off. You'll slice into the water. You'll pull. And as you pull thats when you'll be gliding with your feet together. So as you watch me do it, just pay attention to that. Every time I come up for a breath, my legs are straight out. And when I'm putting my hands back together in a prayer position, slicing into the water, that's when I kick. And with that kick I'm able to slice and glide for a while. And then I'll come back up for some air. So here we go. And then I'll come back this way. And if you guys do it just in that movement, you'll see that I don't have to like actually struggle as much. And I can still move quite a distance. And if you noticed, every time I brought my legs together and closed, I waited for a while. Because that extra three to five seconds, you're actually able to ride that glide a little bit more than cutting yourself short and working double."

Lecture 10
Push-Off Wall
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Push-Off Wall


In this video elsson, Swimming Instructor Peter Elizondo teaches how to push off the wall during a redirection.



Video Transcript: PETER ELIZONDO: "OK, now this is the last and final step for breaststroke, and actually, it may seem like the first one, but it's both, alright. So, you have the length of the pool, right, and you doing the full complete breaststroke with your upper body, arms, prayer position, you know, and then you're doing your legs as well. When you get near to the end of the wall, what you're going to do is, you're going to want to end up making sure that you're ending on the breaststroke like this, gliding to the wall, and then, once you touch the wall and grab onto it, then you're going to come up for a quick breath, and then you're going to position this arm like this, and angle your body out like this, so you grab onto the wall, you quickly throw this arm into the water, like this. So you see how it's just like it goes, a complete ninety degree angle. But your hands are closed, right. And so it goes straight like this, you position your body like this, and then you're just going to push off the wall. When you push off the wall, this arm is going to follow through like this, and make sure that they both meet like this in the water, and then you're going to turn your body, you know, about forty-five degrees so that way, your face and your head and your arms are completely parallel to the floor, and you're looking straight down, and you just pushed off the wall, and you straighten out your entire body with the glide. And you hold it anywhere from about, it depends. Three, four seconds, to about, anywhere from six to seven seconds. And the longer you hold it, if you did a good push, you're really going to get a good glide, and you're going to be up on everyone else when you're swimming. As you come into the wall, right, with the glide, you know, touch. And then you're going to grab with one hand, whether you're right or left. You're going to bring your feet, both feet towards the wall at an angle like this. This arm is going to be pointed out, OK. And it's closed. and then you're going to, when you push off the wall, you're going to bring this other arm right over across, and as you push, you're going to rotate your body like this and glide for a little bit. And then you'll come with a pool, and then you'll start in your breaststroke so watch me. So here we go. I get to the wall. I quickly bring my hand in, bring my body to the side, and then just go. But, if you guys noticed, just that push alone, I was able to go halfway through the pool. So that's why it's very important that you get that correct. And, that's it. That's the breaststroke."