This is a science and engineering course in introduction to Atmospheric Science, by Science Prof. C. Balaji, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Madras.
Introduction: The components of the climate system- oceans, cryosphere, terrestrial biosphere, earth’s crust and mantle, Role of various components in climate, Hydrological cycle, Carbon cycle, Brief history of climate and the earth system
Atmospheric thermodynamics: Gas laws, Hydrostatic equation, First law, Adiabatic processes, Water vapour in air, Static stability, Second law and entropy, atmospheric dispersion
Radiative transfer: EM spectrum, Radiation laws, Physics of absorption, emission and scattering, Radiative transfer in atmosphere, Planetary radiation budget, Introduction to Remote Sensing
Atmospheric Dynamics: Equations of motion, Geostrophic approximation, Atmospheric General Circulation
Atmospheric Boundary Layer: Surface energy balance and bulk aerodynamic formulae- Vertical structure
Climate dynamics: Present day climate- Climate variability – Climate sensitivity and feedback – Global warming – Climate monitoring and prediction