Early Christianity faced powerful obstacles. The might of the Roman Empire and the power-politics of ancient Jerusalem laid a heavy burden on those who believed Jesus was "the Messiah." But this new faith would not die. In a brief span of time, the fledgling religion would transcend its origins in the provinces of Rome and absorb the capital of the empire itself. With the words of Paul and other ancient writers, interviews with contemporary scholars and dramatic reenactments, Peter and Paul explores how two men weathered crippling disagreements and political persecution to lead one of history's most astonishing religious movements.