The Berlin Wall - Lessons Learned (2008)

by Carsten Cumbrowsky

Berlin Wall, Immediately after the official tearing-down of the first slabs of the wall. Source: http://blogs.nationalgeographic.com/blogs/photography/windowsofthesoul/2009/11/fall-of-the-berlin-wall.html
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Date Added: 10 years ago.

Documentary Description


From the author, Carsten Cumbrowsky:

This is an all new, entirely redone extended version of my video "The Berlin Wall - Lessons Learned". It is a bit over 30 minutes in length and covers the history of the Iron Curtain from 1961 to its fall in November 1989. Supplemental to this video is my blog post at my personal blog, titled "The Berlin Wall and the Walls between Us" from August, 2008 and my post about the updates from September, 2008.

This Video is dedicated to all victims of any Wall!

Good Resources about the German Wall in English Language on the Internet:

Mauer History at Berlin.de.

The exact number of deaths is unknown and vary depending on the source and over time. Here are some of the figures.

State Attorney of Berlin (Staatsanwaltschaft Berlin): 86/169

Inspector General of Berlin (Der Polizeipräsident von Berlin): at least 92

Central registration office Salzgitter (Zentrale Erfassungsstelle Salzgitter): 114

Central Auditing Agency for Government and Reunion deliquency (Zentrale Ermittlungsstelle für Regierungs- und Vereinigungskriminalität): 122

Work Group "13th August" (Arbeitsgemeinschaft 13. August): over 200

"Vicitims of the Wall" (Opfer der Mauer) by Werner Filmer and Heribert Schwan based on research at the Strausberg military archives: 216

The Museum at Checkpoint Charly (Museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie) published 1,065 Border and Wall deaths




Breakdown with deaths before / after 13. August 1961

Killed at ther Berlin border (incl. Wall): 37 / 190

Killed at German/German border: 247 / 237

Killed/Died at Baltic Sea border: 17 / 164

Killed border guards: 18 / 19

other deaths (incl. off East German ground): 59 / 77

136 identified and verified deaths (as of 1. August 2008)



Source: The joint research project of the "Gedenkstätte Berliner Mauer" (Berlin Wall Memorial) and "Zentrums für Zeithistorische Forschung Potsdam" (Center for time based Historic Research Potsdam)



1961

Siekmann, Ida

Litfin, Günter

Hoff, Roland

Urban, Rudolf

Segler, Olga

Lünser, Bernd

Düllick, Udo

Probst, Werner

Lehmann, Lothar

Wohlfahrt, Dieter

Krüger, Ingo

Feldhahn, Georg



1962

Schmiel, Dorit

Jercha, Heinz

Held, Philipp

Schmidtchen, Jürgen (Border Guard)

Böhme, Peter

Brueske, Klaus

Frank, Horst

Göring, Peter (Border Guard)

Haberlandt, Lutz

Hannemann, Axel

Glöde, Wolfgang

Kelm, Erna

Huhn, Reinhold (Border Guard)

Noffke, Siegfried

Fechter, Peter

Wesa, Hans-Dieter

Mundt, Ernst

Seling, Günter (Border Guard)

Walzer, Anton

Plischke, Horst

Reck, Ottfried

Wiedenhöft, Günter



1963

Räwel, Hans

Kutscher, Horst

Kreitlow, Peter

Muszynski, Wolf-Olaf

Mädler, Peter

Widera, Siegfried (Border Guard)

Schröter, Klaus

Schulz, Dietmar

Berger, Dieter

Schultz, Paul



1964

Hayn, Walter

Philipp, Adolf

Heike, Walter

Gneiser, Rainer

Wolscht, Norbert

Trabant, Hildegard

Mispelhorn, Wernhard

Schultz, Egon (Border Guard)

Wolf, Hans-Joachim

Mehr, Joachim



1965

Unknown (N.N.)

Buttkus, Christian

Krzemien, Ulrich

Hauptmann, Hans-Peter

Döbler, Hermann

Kratzel, Klaus

Garten, Klaus

Kittel, Walter

Cyrius, Heinz

Sokolowski, Heinz

Kühn, Erich

Schöneberger, Heinz



1966

Brandes, Dieter

Block, Willi

Schleusener, Lothar

Hartmann, Jörg

Marzahn, Willi

Schulze, Eberhard

Kollender, Michael

Stretz, Paul

Wroblewski, Eduard

Schmidt, Heinz

Senk, Andreas

Kube, Karl-Heinz



1967

Sahmland, Max Willi

Piesik, Franciszek



1968

Weckeiser, Elke

Weckeiser, Dieter

Mende, Herbert

Lehmann, Bernd

Krug, Siegfried

Körner, Horst

Henninger, Rolf (Border Guard)



1969

Lange, Johannes

Kluge, Klaus-Jürgen

Lis, Leo



1970

Wehhage, Eckhardt

Wehhage, Christel

Müller, Heinz

Born, Willi

Ehrlich, Friedhelm

Thiem, Gerald

Kliem, Helmut

Friese, Christian-Peter



1971

Kabelitz, Rolf-Dieter

Hoffmann, Wolfgang

Kühl, Werner

Beilig, Dieter



1972

Kullack, Horst

Weylandt, Manfred

Schulze, Klaus

Katranci, Cengaver



1973

H., Holger

Frommann, Volker

Einsiedel, Horst

Gertzki, Manfred

Krobot, Siegfried



1974

Niering, Burkhard

Sprenger, Johannes

Savoca, Guiseppe



1975

Halli, Herbert

Mert, Cetin

Kiebler, Herbert

Hennig, Lothar



1976

n/a



1977

Schwietzer, Dietmar

Weise, Henri



1978 and 1979

n/a



1980

Steinhauer, Ulrich (Border Guard)

Jirkowski, Marinetta



1981


Muschol, Dr. Johannes

Starrost, Hans-Jürgen

Taubmann, Thomas



1982

Freie, Lothar Fritz



1983

Proksch, Silvio



1984

Schmidt, Michael-Horst



1985

n/a



1986

Liebeke, Rainer

Gross, René

Mäder, Manfred

Bittner, Michael



1987

Schmidt, Lutz



1988

n/a



1989

Diederichs, Ingolf

Freudenberg, Winfried

Gueffroy, Chris



Source: The joint research project of the "Gedenkstätte Berliner Mauer" (Berlin Wall Memorial) and "Zentrums für Zeithistorische Forschung Potsdam" (Center for time based Historic Research Potsdam)

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