The Virtual Revolution (2010) BBC 2

Enemy of the State?

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Video Description

Krotoski explores how the web affects politics and the struggle for power in both democractic and authoritarian states; and also how the internet has inspired freedom of speech via social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter.

Krotoski also interviews Austin Heap in reation to a piece of software called 'Haystack' ( , an anti-censorship tool for use against the authorities in Iran, developed by Austin Heap of the Censorship Research Center (CRC :, but links to the site show no link to downloads of the software, so potentially unverifiable.

Krotoski looks at the history of Twitter, and how in the 2009 Iranian presidential election aftermath, it helped civilians send information about the protests to the rest of the world. She then speaks to Biz Stone and Evan Williams about the use of Twitter. She then looks at what the internet was originally designed for, and goes to Advanced Research Projects Agency who designed ARPANET. Krotoski talks to Vint Cerf, who, along with Bob Kahn, invented internet protocols and packet switching. Includes interviews with Al Gore, Jeff Bezos, Sir Tim Berners-Lee, Clay Shirky, Stephen Fry, Martha Lane Fox, Paul Meijer and oxfordgirl.

Documentary Description

The Virtual Revolution is a British television documentary series presented by Aleks Krotoski, which began airing on BBC Two on 30 January 2010. A co-production between the BBC and the Open University, the series looks at the impact the World Wide Web has had since its inception 20 years ago. The series took on a different approach to BBC documentary making by encouraging an open and collaborative production.

The series was announced on 10 July 2009, under the working title of Digital Revolution, to examine the impact the World Wide Web has had on society over its first 20 years. Technology journalist and academic Aleks Krotoski would present. The series was launched with an event at the BBC to mark the twentieth anniversary of the World Wide Web, which saw Tim Berners-Lee (credited with inventing the World Wide Web), Susan Greenfield, Bill Thompson and Chris Anderson discuss the World Wide Web.

The production team took a different approach to the development of the series, described by series producer Russell Barnes as "radical" and "open-source": "We don't just want to observe bloggers from on high; we want to blog ourselves and get feedback and comment on our ideas." He described the four phases the production would take; firstly conducting interviews and inviting comments from users on the programme's blog, the second would see rushes released for other to re-use under a permissive licence, thirdly, web users would be engaged, working with the Web Science Research Initiative, and the fourth would be an online, interactive version of the series available after it has finished.

The programme team interviewed a number of people who have played a part in the development of the web, including its inventor Sir Tim Berners-Lee and founders of notable brands; Bill Gates (Microsoft), Steve Wozniak (Apple), Chad Hurley (YouTube), Jimmy Wales (Wikipedia), Stewart Brand (The WELL), Biz Stone and Evan Williams (Twitter), Peter Thiel (PayPal) and Martha Lane Fox ( Academics, including Terry Winograd, Sherry Turkle, A. C. Grayling, David Runciman, Ross Anderson and Nigel Shadbolt, commentators, including David Weinberger, Lee Siegel, Douglas Rushkoff, Andrew Keen and Stephen Fry, and Estonian President Toomas Ilves were also interviewed. Footage of the interviews was also made available on the programme's website.

In October 2009 and while being interviewed for the series, Stephen Fry made a request on Twitter for people to suggest names for the series, with the final decision being made by the BBC. The chosen title, The Virtual Revolution, is described by the producers as "a mashup between us and you"

Source: BBC


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