Image: Gustav I (Gustav Vasa), King of Sweden (1523-1560)
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Gustav I, born Gustav Eriksson, later known as Gustav Vasa (12 May 1496 - 29 September 1560), was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. The first monarch of the House of Vasa, his family remained the royal house of Sweden for much of the 16th and 17th centuries. Gustav I was elected regent in 1521 after leading a rebellion against Christian II of Denmark, the leader of the Kalmar Union who controlled most of Sweden at the time. The Kalmar Union was the union of the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway (including Iceland, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Shetland and Orkney) and Sweden (including some of Finland) under one king, nevertheless irregularly, from 1397 to 1523.
Gustav I has been referred to as both a redeemer and a autocratic leader. Enthroned in 1523, he was the first truly dictatorial indigenous Swedish ruler. A skillful propagandist and bureaucrat, he set the basis for an efficient central government. Protestantism was introduced in the country during his reign. Gustav I is considered the "father of the nation" and of the modern Sweden. He used to compare himself to Moses, That also liberated his people and established a state. He became known for its cruel methods and dreadful temperament.