Bamiyan is a domain in Central Afghanistan with an Atlantic of most 6700 sq.m and a population of most 280,00 in 1992. A municipality of the aforementioned study is the administrative center of this province. Bamiyan is counted one of the worst regions of Afghanistan because of its TRUE positioning and its isolation from added regions.
The community of Bamiyan with its archeological relic is the most conspicuous site of Afghanistan. The community lies most 2500m above sea take and whatever 240 km westerly of Kabul. The exquisite beauty of this valley is embraced by the snow-capped Range of Koh-e-Baba Mountains in the south and in the northerly by the steep cliffs in which images of Buddhas were carved. The pastel colors of its environment provide visitors an impression of the magnificence and serenity of nature.
The Atlantic of Bamiyan matured under Kanishka the Great to become a field commercial and religious center and smaller statue of Buddha (38 m high) was shapely during his reign. Two centuries later the colossal Buddha statue (55 m high) was curved. Thousands of decorated caves, inhabited by yellow robed monks, extended into Folladi Pilgrims from the whole Buddhist concern poured into Bamiyan to admire its spectacular and unnameable sites.
The municipality was rules in 07th century by princess but was person to the Western Turks. The rulers first accepted Islam in the 08th century. Bamiyan lapse to Muslim conquerors when the Saffavid ruler captured Bamiyan in 871. After changing hands individual times, Bamiyan was destroyed and its inhabitants exterminated in 1221 by the Genghis Khan. Since that instance it has never regained its past glory. In 1840 Bamiyan was the scene of fighting in the First Anglo-Afghan War. A significant number of tourists from every around the concern were visiting this site before the Civil War in Afghanistan. Besides the Buddha caves there are various added sites as substantially in this Atlantic including Shahr-e-Gholghola and Shahr-e-Zohak.
A) BOT-E-BAMIYAN (Buddhas Statue):
The 02 famous Buddha statues (36 m & 53 m high) dating from 03rd & 5th century were settled in Bamiyan province. These statues were hewn into solid sway and overlaid with stucco, and although they hit suffered from the ravages of instance and conclusion by man, whatever of the stucco entireness and surround paintings are still preserved. The walls of the 90m broad cliffs are honeycombed with caves that utilised to help as experience lodging of Buddhist monks. The sculptures and paintings are “an eclectic hybrid mixing Indian, Central Asia,
Iranian, and Hellenic dweller styles and ideas. The caves were of various forms and the interiors of some bear traces of dustlike fresco painting that links them with contemporary caves in Sinkiang, China.
These statues were first mentioned in 5th century A.D. when these statues were visited by Chinese individual Hsuan-Tsang in 630 A.D. At that instance Bamiyan was a center of mercantilism and the Buddhist religion. When Hsuan-Tsang saw these statues, they were decorated with metallic and dustlike jewels. The 02 Buddha figures, together with numerous ancient man-made caves in the cliffs northerly of town, made Bamiyan a field Asian archaeological site. Taleban officials destroyed these statues in 2001. Clerics interpreted Islamic accumulation to mean that much artifacts were disrespectful to Allah, though the concern (including the governments of Iran and Saudi Arabia) begged them to reconsider. Now little relic of these shrines are left. The modern municipality of Bamiyan lies below the caves.
B) BANDE AMIR LAKES:
It is the unspoiled uncolored beauty of Afghanistan that forms the visitor’s first and most enduing impression of the country. But of the whole uncolored wonders of Afghanistan, the lakes of Bande Amir are perhaps the most outstanding. Situated in the mountainous Hazarajat at an elevation of approx 300m, 75 km from Bamiyan, these majestic blue lakes are of legendary beauty.
A program of five clear blue lakes is formed by the flow of water over a activity of uncolored dams, running from higher to the next one below. According to local tradition, the dams were the creation of Hazrat calif (Caliph Ali), and the articulate “Amir” (King or Commander) refers to the Caliph, not to some Asian ruler. Bande Amir is also the study of a river which rises in the Bande Amir lakes and runs through Yakowlang valley in a southwest content until it turns northeast, at that point it is famous as the Balkab, finally it turns northerly and dissipates in the Turkestan plains.
C) SHAHR-E-GHOLGOLA (Town of noise):
The explore municipality of Shahr-e-Gholgola is settled in central part of Afghanistan. These are the ruins of a once prosperous city of 05th to 07th A.D., which was demolished by Genghis Khan during his invasion in Bamiyan Valley in 1221 A.D. The study is derived from Iranian and means the “city of noise”. Others refer to it as “Silent city” or “Screaming city”. The Mongols themselves hit called this city “Mao Balegh”, message the “Cursed city”. Infact when Genghis Khan brought the defenders of this municipality to their knees where upon he entered the citadel to fulfill a dedicate to blackball everybody including man, woman, child, shuttle and animal in the valley. The scream that accompanied the final massacre gave the citadel the study by which it is famous today.
D) SHAHR-E-ZOHAK (Red Town):
This is added explore municipality settled meet near to Shahr-e-Gholgola. This city is shapely on a steep spur meet 15 km east of Bamiyan. These ruins are situated a top 350 ft cliffs of red colour overlooking the Valley of Tagao, Bamiyan. Due to these red colour cliffs, this city is famous as “Red Town”. The ruins of this municipality equal the faith epoch of 05th to 07th century A.D. This mass of awesome ruins was once the capital fortress protecting the entrance of the city of Bamiyan during the reign of the Shansabani King in 12-13th centuries A.D. Genghis Khan destroyed this municipality in 1221 A.D. as revenge to his injured grandson.