Topics: Space Exploration - 1.1.1.2 The Apollo Spacecraft

1.1.1.2 The Apollo Spacecraft


Apollo was a three-part spacecraft: the command module (CM), the crew's quarters and flight control section; the service module (SM) for the propulsion and spacecraft support systems (when together, the two modules are called CSM); and the lunar module (LM), to take two of the crew to the lunar surface, support them on the Moon, and return them to the CSM in lunar orbit.



The flight mode, lunar orbit rendezvous, was selected in 1962. The boosters for the program were the Saturn IB for Earth orbit flights and the Saturn V for lunar flights.



The DIAGRAMS below in the section Images show the main diagrams and technical details of the Apollo spacecrafts, including: 



Apollo Spacecraft Launch Configuration from Apollo Program Summary Report (April 1975)



Apollo Command and Service Modules and Launch Escape System from Apollo Program Summary Report (April 1975)



Command Module Interior from Apollo Training Manual "Apollo Spacecraft & Systems Familiarization" (March 13, 1968)



Command Module Interior from Apollo Training Manual "Apollo Spacecraft & Systems Familiarization" (March 13, 1968)



Command Module Main Control Panel from Apollo Operations Handbook Block II Spacecraft (October 15, 1969)



Guidance Navigation and Control Systems from Apollo Training Manual "Apollo Spacecraft & Systems Familiarization" (March 13, 1968)



Command and Service Module Engine Locations from Apollo Training Manual "Apollo Spacecraft & Systems Familiarization" (March 13, 1968)



Stabilization & Control System from Apollo Training Manual "Apollo Spacecraft & Systems Familiarization" (March 13, 1968)



Apollo Spacecraft/LM Adapter from Apollo Training Manual "Apollo Spacecraft & Systems Familiarization" (March 13, 1968)



Command/Service Module / Lunar Module Comparison from Apollo Training Manual "Apollo Spacecraft & Systems Familiarization" (March 13, 1968)



Lunar Module Exterior from Apollo Program Press Information Notebook (1972)



Lunar Module Landing Configuration from Apollo Program Summary Report (April 1975)



Lunar Module Controls and Displays from Apollo Spacecraft News Reference



Lunar Module Ascent Stage from Apollo Program Press Information Notebook (1972)



Lunar Module Ascent Stage Interior Looking Forward from Apollo Program Press Information Notebook (1972)



Lunar Module Ascent Stage Interior Looking Aft from Apollo Program Press Information Notebook (1972)



Lunar Module Descent Stage from Apollo Program Press Information Notebook (1972)



SOURCE: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/diagrams/apollo.ht...

Kipp Teague, Author

Steven J. Dick, NASA Chief Historian

Steve Garber, NASA History Web Curator

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1.1.1.2 The Apollo Spacecraft
Apollo 12 astronaut Alan Bean descends from the lunar module Intrepid. As he walked on the moon for the first time, Commander Pete Conrad famously said, "Whoopie! Man, that may have been a small one for Neil, but that's a long one for me." Source: National Geographic