Our discussion of Aristotle turns now to his metaphysics, that is, his understanding of the nature of reality, of essence. Aristotle is well-known for a series of distinctions that he made, involving terms like substance and accidents, form and matter, etc. We will explore the meaning of these terms in this lecture.
Aristotle's attempt to make the kinds of distinctions found here are an important reason for his significance as a scientist. He was always on a quest to bring clarity by differentiating various aspects of the subject matter under discussion. The distinctions described in this lesson have been especially important in the history of Christian thought, as is mentioned in the lecture.
Aristotle's labor in refining the Greek language through his philosophical distinctions was also very important in preparing the way for the Gospel message, which made heavy use of the Greek capacity for subtlety, and we can be grateful for the contribution of this great thinker for that reason as well!
This wide ranging course starts with the pre-Socratic philosophers of the ancient world, and traces the history of philosophical speculation across the ages up to the present. Included along the way is special attention to the greatest Christian thinkers in history, including Augustine, Anselm, Aquinas, Luther, Calvin and many others.