The philosophical impasse that resulted from the conflict between the Ionian empiricism and the Italian rationalism came to Athens toward the beginning of the fifth century b.c. These 'pluralists' favored democracy, and were quite influential during the so-called Greek 'golden age' of Pericles.
By the time the Greeks had weathered the devastating Peloponnesian Wars of the late fifth century, however, the expectations of philosophy had greatly diminished. Skepticism pervaded the atmosphere of Greece, with Sophists and Cynics questioning whether there were ultimately any satisfactory answers to life's great questions.
This wide ranging course starts with the pre-Socratic philosophers of the ancient world, and traces the history of philosophical speculation across the ages up to the present. Included along the way is special attention to the greatest Christian thinkers in history, including Augustine, Anselm, Aquinas, Luther, Calvin and many others.