Date Added: July 2, 2012
In this lecture, Professor Freedman considers the importance of the British Isles in the early Middle Ages, both in their own right and as an example of a post-Roman frontier society. In the wake of the fifth century Roman withdrawal, England experienced “radical economic simplification.” However, England’s conversion to Christianity beginning at the end of the sixth century brought about a flourishing written culture and Latin learning. Ireland experienced a similar cultural flowering, although it had converted to Christianity centuries earlier. It had never been colonized by the Romans, and the Irish Church was less hierarchical, more decentralized, and placed less importance on bishops than did the Roman. The conversion of England under the competeing influences of Rome and ireland was thus not just a conflict between Christianity and paganism, but also between two administrative styles of Christianity. Professor Freedman ends the lecture with a few remarks on the cultural accomplishments of the British Isles.
- Course Introduction: Rome's Greatness and First Crises
- The Crisis of the Third Century and the Diocletianic Reforms
- Constantine and the Early Church
- The Christian Roman Empire
- St. Augustine's Confessions
- Transformation of the Roman Empire
- Barbarian Kingdoms
- Survival in the East
- The Reign of Justinian
- Clovis and the Franks
- Frankish Society
- Britain and Ireland
- Mohammed and the Arab Conquests
- Islamic Conquests and Civil War
- The Splendor of the Abbasid Period
- The Crucial Seventh Century
- The Splendor of Byzantium
- Intellectuals and the Court of Charlemagne
- Crisis of the Carolingians
- Vikings / The European Prospect, 1000
Major developments in the political, social, and religious history of Western Europe from the accession of Diocletian to the feudal transformation. Topics include the conversion of Europe to Christianity, the fall of the Roman Empire, the rise of Islam and the Arabs, the "Dark Ages," Charlemagne and the Carolingian renaissance, and the Viking and Hungarian invasions.
Original Course Name: HIST 210: The Early Middle Ages, 284–1000.