As we move to the second century, our attention turns to the early philosophers and apologists for the Christian movement. Most of these thinkers were involved in defending Christians against very practical attacks on their well-being, rather than the attempt to work out elaborate intellectual responses to Roman paganism. It is, nevertheless, quite helpful to review the thought of these important contributors to Christian understanding, and we attempt to accomplish that in this lesson.
Our main focus here is Justin Martyr (d. 165), who was the first true philosopher of the Christian faith, and who gives a very interesting insight into the life and times of Christians in the second century a.d. We also touch briefly on later thinkers, especially Irenaeus and Tertullian.
As you work through this lesson, think about the great benefit that came to later generations as a result of the contributions of these courageous representatives of the early Christian movement!
This wide ranging course starts with the pre-Socratic philosophers of the ancient world, and traces the history of philosophical speculation across the ages up to the present. Included along the way is special attention to the greatest Christian thinkers in history, including Augustine, Anselm, Aquinas, Luther, Calvin and many others.