   Energy and q (The Partition Function).
by
Video Lecture 3 of 27
Copyright Information: Penner, Reginald Thermodynamics and Chemical Dynamics 131C (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_131c_thermodynamics_and_chem... [January 28, 2015]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/deed.en_US).
Not yet rated
Views: 1,661
Date Added: January 28, 2015 Lights Out New Window

### Lecture Description

Recorded on April 6, 2012.

Slide Information
00:19 - Example-A certain atom has a threefold degenerate ground level...
01:02 - Function for Calculating Degeneracy of Energy Levels
01:24 - Sum of Three Energy Levels
03:35 - We need to calculate the thermal energy kT, in units...
04:22 - Energy Level Diagram
07:20 - Example: The four lowest electronic energy levels of atomic C have energies and degeneracies as follows...
07:51 - Equation: Partition Function
08:32 - In this case, q will have four terms - one for each state
08:49 - How to Calculate the Four Terms
09:59 - Example: 9.27 of 14 total states in C...
10:24 - does this makes sense (calculating thermal energy again)
10:56 - Diagram-Electronic States of Carbon
12:53 - now find the fractional population of each level for C...
14:51 - Diagram: ...now, it will be obvious to you that W must depend on energy...
15:45 - Partition Function (W must depend on energy, but how?)
20:03 - Example: the NO molecule has a doubly degenerate excited electronic level...
21:03 - Diagram--Wave Numbers
22:05 - Example - The NO molecule has a doubly degenerate excited electronic level... (continued)
22:40 - Plot (Diagram)
23:38 - Calculating Term Populations

### Course Description

In Chemistry 131C, students will study how to calculate macroscopic chemical properties of systems. This course will build on the microscopic understanding (Chemical Physics) to reinforce and expand your understanding of the basic thermo-chemistry concepts from General Chemistry (Physical Chemistry.) We then go on to study how chemical reaction rates are measured and calculated from molecular properties. Topics covered include: Energy, entropy, and the thermodynamic potentials; Chemical equilibrium; and Chemical kinetics.

Chemistry Dept. | Physical Sciences Sch. | University of California, Irvine