Fuel Chemistry 
Fuel Chemistry
by OSU
Video Lecture 8 of 25
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Date Added: April 19, 2016

Lecture Description

As you learn about bioenergy you will almost certainly find yourself confused by the various naming conventions. Like most names they have been largely based on marketing and not on facts. For example, bio-oils generally mean pyrolysis oils which have no chemical similarity to petroleum or vegetable oils. Biogas actually means biologically produced methane or natural gas and has nothing to do with gasoline. Biodiesel is an interesting one because it almost exclusively composed of something called fatty acid methyl esters which makes it a very pure fuel, compared to renewable diesel which is a mixture of hydrocarbon components more like regular diesel. Finally the word blendstock is thrown around a lot because most biofuels are in fact blendstocks and this means it has to be mixed with regular gasoline or diesel at some level to be a fuel that works well in the engines commonly available today.

It is very important to remember that diesel and gasoline engines have been designed for different kinds of fuel. This means that each engine has a preferred type of fuel for its design and this type of fuel has its own engine specific fuel performance characteristics (octane value or cetane value). Octane and Cetane value describe how well a fuel will perform in an engine, not the energy content of the fuel. A good fuel can be an exotic cocktail of organic chemistries meant to provide good overall vehicle performance and meet regulations. A good fuel serves the needs of the entire vehicle and not just the engine.

If you are interested in receiving the written slide notes for each lecture, please contact the USDA supported Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest project at; [email protected]

An associated online E-campus course is also offered at Oregon State University; ecampus.oregonstate.edu/soc/ecatalog/ecoursedetail.htm?subject=BRR&coursenumber=350&termcode=all

Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest is supported by Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) Competitive Grant no. 2011-68005-30407 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)

Course Index

Course Description

This series contains 25 short lectures, each between 10 and 15 minutes long. The content in these lectures is flexible and can be used in a variety of ways to communicate bioenergy concepts to audiences from diverse backgrounds. An important objective of this series is to present facts about bioenergy and biofuels, and use them to explore misconceptions.


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