In this lecture, Prof. Zweibach gives a mathematical preliminary on operators. He then introduces postulates of quantum mechanics concerning observables and measurement. The last part of the lecture is devoted to the origins of the Schrödinger equation.
This course covers the experimental basis of quantum physics. Topics include: photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, photons, Franck-Hertz experiment, the Bohr atom, electron diffraction, de Broglie waves, and the wave-particle duality of matter and light. Introduction to wave mechanics: Schrödinger's equation, wave functions, wave packets, probability amplitudes, stationary states, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, and zero-point energies. Solutions to Schrödinger's equation in one dimension: transmission and reflection at a barrier, barrier penetration, potential wells, the simple harmonic oscillator. Schrödinger's equation in three dimensions: central potentials and introduction to hydrogenic systems. The course is taught by three professors: Prof. Allan Adams, Prof. Matthew Evans, and Prof. Barton Zwiebach. It is the first course in the undergraduate Quantum Physics sequence, followed by 8.05 Quantum Physics II and 8.06 Quantum Physics III.