(0:00) Quiz ready. (0:22) Purely algebraic proof of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra (involves Field Theory, Galois Theory, Group Theory, and the Sylow Theorems). (2:32) Plan for the day. (3:11) Taylor series for an analytic function centered at a point z0 (at which it is analytic). (6:58) Find the Taylor series for the sine function centered at z0 = 0. (12:07) Show graphs of partial sums on the real line converging to the graph of the sin(x). (14:40) Write down the Taylor series for the cosine function centered at z0 = 0 and graph the partial sums on the real line. (16:36) Write down the Taylor series for the exponential function e^z centered at z0 = 0 and graph the partial sums on the real line. (18:47) Taylor series for 1/(1 - z) centered at z0 = 0 (geometric series), for z within 1 unit of 0. (21:18) Use the Ratio Test to prove the convergence of the Taylor series for e^z for all z (though this doesn't prove it converges to e^z) and graph the partial sums on the real line. (29:41) Taylor series for 1/(1+z^2). (32:21) Graph of partial sums on the real line. Why is the interval of convergence just the open interval from -1 to 1? The function has a pole at z = i and z = -i. (38:28) Integrate the Taylor series for 1/(1+z^2) term-by-term to get the Taylor series for the principal value of the arctangent function. (42:29) Approximations of pi with the Taylor series for arctangent (including Machin's formula). (46:56) Differentiate the series for 1/(1+z^2) term-by-term to get the Taylor series for -2z/((1+z^2)^2).
Based on "Fundamentals of Complex Analysis, with Applications to Engineering and Science", by E.B. Saff and A.D. Snider (3rd Edition). "Visual Complex Analysis", by Tristan Needham, is also referred to a lot. Mathematica is often used, especially to visualize complex analytic (conformal) mappings.