In this video lecture, Prof. N.J. Wildberger talks about the Klein bottle and projective plane.
The Klein bottle and the projective plane are the basic non-orientable surfaces. The Klein bottle, obtained by gluing together two Mobius bands, is similar in some ways to the torus, and is something of a curiosity. The projective plane, obtained by gluing a disk to a Mobius band, is one of the most fundamental of all mathematical objects. Of all the surfaces, it most closely resembles the sphere.
In this course, Prof. N.J. Wildberger gives 26 video lectures on Algebraic Topology. This is a beginner's course in Algebraic Topology given by Assoc. Prof. N J Wildberger of the School of Mathematics and Statistics, UNSW. It features a visual approach to the subject that stresses the importance of familiarity with specific examples. It also introduces 'rational curvature', a simple but important innovation. NJ Wildberger is also the developer of Rational Trigonometry: a new and better way of learning and using trigonometry.