A Trader's Introduction to the Euro 
A Trader's Introduction to the Euro
by InformedTrades
Video Lecture 44 of 61
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Date Added: May 7, 2017

Lecture Description


The Euro is now the official currency of 15 of the 27 member states in the European Union (EU), which makes it the currency used by over 320 Million people. Like Europe itself, the Euro has an interesting history, which we as traders must understand to have a full understanding of the fundamentals of the currency. There are two major factors which lead to the eventual formation of the European Union, and therefore the Euro, which are important for traders to understand.

1. The major powers in Europe had been battling each other for hundreds of years prior to World War II. Nothing like the decimation that the World Wars brought to Europe had ever been seen before however, so after World War II, there was a realization that a drastic reordering of the political landscape was needed, in order to put nationalistic rivalries to bed once and for all.

2. Also as a result of World War II, the world's power structure had shifted, and the major European countries who were once the superpowers of the world, were replaced by two new superpowers. The United States and The Soviet Union were now the unrivaled superpowers of the world, and as a result there was a keen awareness among the former world powers of Europe, that banding together was the only way for Europe to have comparable clout on the world stage.

It was primarily as a result of these two factors that the European Coal and Steel Community (which eventually became the European Economic Community, the predecessor to the European Union) was founded in the 1950's with the general goals of:

1. Lowering trade barriers and facilitating economic cooperation for the benefit of the member nations.

2. Increasing Europe's clout on the world stage

3. Integrating the economies of the major countries in Europe to the point where they were too reliant on one another to go to war again.

During the next several decades many things happened from a diplomatic and trade standpoint that are very interesting, and which can be read about by doing a search on google for the history of the European Union. The next important event for us as traders however, came with the ratification of something which is known as the Maastricht Treaty in the 1990's. [COLOR=#000000]Up to this point, the idea of a tie up between nations in Europe was primarily focused on removing trade barriers and promoting economic cooperation. With the Maastricht treaty, member countries moved from a simple economic cooperation, to the much grander ambition of political integration between member nations.

This is important to us as traders as it was here that plans for a single currency to be used among member nations was introduced, and therefore here that the basic fundamentals of the Euro were laid out. There were three steps outlined in the Maastricht treaty that had to be completed before the currency could be released which were:

1. Free circulation of capital among member countries.

2. The second, and most important step for us as traders to understand, was the coordination of economic policies. Once the Euro was introduced, each of the member countries would be bound by the monetary policy as set by the European Central Bank. With this in mind, you could not have countries with extremely different levels of inflation and interest rates, replace their currency with the Euro, without undermining the credibility and fundamentals of the currency. To make the currency credible, and to make its introduction as smooth as possible, member countries were required to keep inflation, interest rates, and debt below certain levels. Lastly, they were also required to maintain an exchange rate that was basically a banded peg, allowing their currency to fluctuate only within a narrow band.

3. In 1999 the European Central Bank was established and the eleven countries listed here began to use the Euro in electronic format only.

Spain, Portugal, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Austria, Ireland and Finland.

These countries formed what is known as the European Monetary Union, which is comprised of countries who are members of the European Union, and use the Euro as their currency.

Greece, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Denmark (the other members of the European Union at the time) remained outside the European monetary Union for different reasons.

While this may seem a bit like a history lesson rather than a lesson in trading, it is very important for traders of the Euro to have an understanding of the history we have just gone over. As we will learn in coming lessons, it is because of this history that the Euro is where it is today, and many of the concepts we have just outlined still affect the value of the currency in today's market.

Course Index

  1. An Overview of the Forex Market
  2. The Difference Between Over the Counter (OTC) and Exchange-Based Markets
  3. Who Really Controls the Forex Market?
  4. The Role of the Retail Forex Broker
  5. How Central Banks Move the Forex Market
  6. How Banks, Hedge Funds, and Corporations Move Currencies
  7. A Breakdown of the Forex Trading Day
  8. Forex Trading - Characteristics of the Main Currencies
  9. Setting Up Your Forex Trading Software
  10. Forex Trading - How to Read a Currency Quote
  11. Forex Trading - Understanding Currency Rate Movements
  12. Forex Trading - Understanding the Bid/Ask Spread
  13. How to Place Your First Forex Trade
  14. How to Determine Your Position Size in the Forex Market
  15. Forex Trading - Pips and Fractional Pip Pricing
  16. How to Calculate Forex Trading Profits and Losses
  17. An Introduction to Leverage in Trading
  18. How Trading on Margin Works
  19. How to Calculate Leverage in the Forex Market
  20. How to Calculate Leverage in the Forex Market Part 2
  21. How to Place a Market Order in the Forex Market
  22. How to Place a Stop Loss and Take Profit Order in Forex
  23. How to Place A Pending Entry Order in the Forex Market
  24. How Rollover Works in Forex Trading
  25. How Rollover Works in Forex Trading Part 2
  26. Free Forex Charts Userguide
  27. What Moves the Forex Market? - Trade Flows
  28. How Capital Flows Move the Forex Market
  29. The Current Account: How Forex Traders Can Use it to Identify Opportunities
  30. Interpreting the Capital Account and Measuring Capital Flows
  31. Fundamentals that Move Currencies - Balance of Payments
  32. How Interest Rates Move the Forex Market Part 1
  33. How Interest Rates Move the Forex Market Part 2
  34. How To Trade the Carry Trade Strategy Part 1
  35. How To Trade the Carry Trade Strategy Part 2
  36. How To Trade the Carry Trade Strategy Part 3
  37. Fundamental Analysis Vs. Technical Analysis in Forex
  38. Forex Trading Fundamentals Quiz - Test Your Knowledge
  39. Why the US Dollar is Still King
  40. Determining the Fate of the US Dollar
  41. Determining the Fate of the US Dollar Part II
  42. Determining the Fate of the US Dollar, Part III
  43. Economic Releases that Move the US Dollar
  44. A Trader's Introduction to the Euro
  45. A Trader's Introduction to the Euro, Part II
  46. A Trader's Introduction to the Euro, Part III
  47. A Trader's Introduction to the Yen
  48. A Trader's Introduction to the Yen, Part II
  49. A Trader's Introduction to the Japanese Yen, Part III
  50. A Trader's Introduction to the British Pound
  51. A Trader's Introduction to the Swiss Franc
  52. A Trader's Introduction to the Canadian Dollar
  53. A Trader's Introduction to the Australian Dollar
  54. A Trader's Introduction to the New Zealand Dollar
  55. Why Choosing a Forex Broker is so Confusing
  56. Choosing a Forex Broker: Regulation and Financial Stability
  57. Choosing a Forex Broker Part III: Transaction Costs
  58. Choosing a Forex Broker, Part IV: Technology & Add-ons
  59. Choosing a Forex Broker: Evaluating Customer Service
  60. An Introduction to Forex Capital Markets (FXCM)
  61. An Introduction to DailyFX Plus

Course Description

This 61-video series is an introduction and in-depth look at the forex market, including how to place trades, the fundamentals of the forex market, profiles of the main currency pairs, and factors to consider when choosing a forex broker.

This is a continuation of The Basics of Trading course by Informed Trades.


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